8 Common Causes Of Female Infertility In India

There are many causes of infertility, and it is important for women to know these factors and seek medical help if they have difficulty in conceiving.

Tanya Srivastava
Written by: Tanya SrivastavaUpdated at: Jan 24, 2023 16:42 IST
8 Common Causes Of Female Infertility In India

Female infertility refers to the inability of a woman to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term. Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. It can also refer to the inability to carry a pregnancy to term or the inability to conceive again after a previous successful pregnancy. Female infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, such as hormonal imbalances, structural issues in the reproductive system, age, lifestyle factors, and certain medical conditions. 

Causes Of Female Infertility In India

Female infertility is a common issue in India, and there are several causes that contribute to this problem. Some of the most common causes of female infertility in India include:

1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries and is one of the most common causes of female infertility in India. Women with PCOS have high levels of androgens (male hormones) and irregular menstrual cycles, which can make it difficult for them to ovulate and conceive.

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Causes Of Female Infertility In India

2. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, causing pain and infertility. It is a leading cause of infertility in India, and it affects around 10-15% of Indian women of reproductive age.

3. Tubal blockage

Tubal blockage, also known as tubal infertility, is a common cause of female infertility in India. It occurs when the fallopian tubes are blocked, preventing the egg and sperm from meeting. This can be caused by pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or previous surgeries.

4. Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. They can cause heavy periods, pelvic pain, and infertility. These fibroids are more common in Indian women, with a prevalence of 20-25%.

5. Ovarian dysfunction

Ovarian dysfunction, also known as premature ovarian failure, is a condition in which the ovaries stop functioning normally before the age of 40. This can lead to irregular menstrual cycles and infertility.

Causes Of Female Infertility In India

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6. Age

As women age, their fertility declines, and this is also a major factor in female infertility in India. The probability of a woman getting pregnant drops significantly after the age of 35, and it becomes even more difficult after the age of 40.

7. Lifestyle factors

Lifestyle factors such as poor diet, lack of exercise, and smoking can also contribute to female infertility in India. These factors can lead to obesity, which is a risk factor for infertility.

8. Stress

Stress is also a contributing factor in female infertility in India. Stress can affect the hormonal balance in the body and disrupt ovulation, making it difficult for women to conceive.

In conclusion, there are many causes of female infertility in India, and it is important for women to be aware of these factors and seek medical help if they are experiencing difficulty in conceiving. It is also important for women to maintain a healthy lifestyle, manage stress, and seek medical help if they are experiencing any symptoms related to infertility. With the help of modern medical technologies and treatments, many women with infertility issues can still achieve their dream of becoming a mother.

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