According to the National Institutes of Health, over half of the diabetics have bladder dysfunction, causing them to urinate excessively. Diabetes management becomes stressful when the diabetic condition accompanies urination problems as it has substantial impact on daily living.
Besides excessive urination, urine problems in diabetic men include weak stream, intermittent flow, dribbling and urethral obstruction. Diabetic women may experience leakage or urinary incontinence in diabetes owing to the bodily changes after pregnancy and delivery.
Causes of Excessive Urination
- Diabetes-related urinary problems are caused by high blood glucose levels (over 250mg/dL) over a prolonged time. Glucose pulls water into the urinary tract, thus, working the kidneys up to absorb excess sugar. When the sugar is more for the kidneys to process, it gets dumped into the urine.
- Diabetic nerve damage, nerve damage due to injuries, infections and medical conditions along with high blood sugar levels may cause excessive urination.
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- The risk of increase in urination increases with poor diabetes management, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, excess weight, smoking and a sedentary lifestyle.
- Insulin dosage to manage diabetes is another reason for urinary incontinence, which increases with age and when a diabetic experiences bladder problems or has urinary tract infection.
- Impaired bladder function, enlarged prostate and medications are among other potential causes of increasing urine frequency.
- Interstitial cystitis is another common cause for frequent urination. It is a medical condition wherein the bladder inflames continuously due to intolerance to potassium. The inflammation of bladder reduces its capacity to store urine and increases the need to drain urine.
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Ways to Keep Frequent Urination under Control
- In order to control frequent urination, diabetics are advised to maintain tight glycaemic levels with diet besides engaging in exercises and adhering to their medication schedule.
- It is important to drink as much water as possible because frequent urination makes one lose a lot of liquid. Drinking water also helps the kidneys to excrete excess sugar and bring blood sugar back to the normal range.
- Besides water, tea and coffee may also act as diuretics. Beverages containing sugar and carbohydrates must be avoided as these will further alleviate the blood sugar levels and add to the woes.
- Foods can be irritants. Diabetics may experience frequent urination due to consumption of caffeine, alcohol, spicy food preparations and carbonated drinks. Keep these out of the dietary regimen.
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