Individuals can protect bone health by following osteoporosis prevention and treatment strategies:
People need to know whether they are at risk for developing osteoporosis or whether they have lost so much bone that they already have osteoporosis. Although risk factors can alert a person to the possibility of low bone density, only a BMD test can measure current bone density, diagnose osteoporosis, and determine fracture risk. Many different techniques measure bone mineral density painlessly and safely. Most of them involve machines that use extremely low levels of radiation to complete their readings. Sometimes, ultrasound machines, which rely on sound waves, are used instead.
Individuals may wish to have a BMD test to determine current bone health. Today, Medicare and many private insurance carriers cover bone density tests to detect osteoporosis for individuals who meet certain criteria. Talk with your doctor about whether or not this test would be appropriate for you. Falls are serious, but simple, inexpensive steps can be taken to reduce your risk of falling and of breaking a bone if you do fall.
Recommendations for Calcium and Vitamin D Intake
Source: National Academy of Sciences, 1997
|Age (years)||Calcium (mg)||Vitamin D (IU)|
|19 to 30||1,000||200|
|31 to 50||1,000||200|
|51 to 70||1,200||400|
|70 and older||1,200||600|
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