All About Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, A Rare But Fatal Disease

Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a serious heart ailment that is caused due to high blood pressure in the arteries. Get more details here.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarUpdated at: Mar 04, 2020 15:27 IST
All About Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, A Rare But Fatal Disease

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension is a serious ailment that, if ignored, may worsen over time causing severe health complications. Timely detection and medical aid can help in relieving the symptoms and controlling the disease. Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is referred to as the high blood pressure the arteries going from your heart to the lungs. Wondering how this condition is different from normal blood pressure? This ailment affects the arteries in your lungs and the right side of your heart. Let us brief you more about this disease, its causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention and all other details.

What is pulmonary arterial hypertension? 

In the condition of pulmonary artery hypertension, the small arteries in your lungs that supply blood to the lungs become narrowed or blocked. In this case, blood flow becomes difficult for them and this increases the blood pressure in your lungs. Your heart has to work hard and hard to pump blood through those arteries. Due to which, after some time the heart muscle becomes weak and it can cause heart failure. 

Causes of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 

Although the causes of pulmonary arterial hypertension may not be known in some situations, it may include your lifestyle and staying active. With pulmonary artery hypertension, the increase in your blood pressure is due to changes in cells that stick to your pulmonary artery. These changes can cause the walls of the arteries to become rigid and thick, and the extravasation can form and make blood vessels swollen and tight. Besides, there may be several other causes of pulmonary artery hypertension that can cause this problem.


  • Obesity or overweight 
  • Family history 
  • Autoimmune disease 
  • Congestive heart failure  
  • Blood clots formation in lungs 
  • HIV
  • Use of illegal drugs (eg cocaine or methamphetamine)
  • Liver disease 
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • sleep apnea

Symptoms of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Some symptoms may not be common or noticeable at the onset of pulmonary artery hypertension. But as the problem progresses, its symptoms change. Some of them are: 

chest pain

  • shortness of breath 
  • Feeling tired 
  • Dizziness or fainting 
  • Chest spasms or pain 
  • Digestive imbalance 
  • Blue color for lips and skin
  • Increased or decreased heartbeat 
  • Swelling of ankles and feet

Treatment options for pulmonary arterial hypertension 


  • Treatment is usually done with medication and surgery to treat pulmonary artery hypertension. In which the doctor starts the treatment with some tests. In addition, the doctor may give some medicines and injections that can relax your blood vessels and control blood flow easily. 
  • Along with this, you are advised to live a healthy diet and live an active life, which is necessary to deal with every disease. 
  • In some cases, oxygen therapy is given, which is done to increase the oxygen level in the blood. 
  • Some home remedies dealing with high blood pressure can also be used, so that blood pressure is under control. Such as cutting down on salt intake. 

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