Parotitis is inflammation of one or both parotid glands. Parotid is a major salivary glands located on either side of the face. The reasons for inflammation of parotitis can be many, including infection, drugs, radiation and various diseases.
One of the most common causes of parotitis is obstruction of the salivary duct or poor oral hygiene. Medications that cause dry mouth such as some antihistamines increase the risk of parotitis.
The symptoms of parotitis can vary among individuals. Some people with parotitis may not realize they have a disease, while others may have severe swelling and pain. As a result of the inflammation, there can be swelling of the tissues that surrounding the salivary glands, along with redness and soreness. The condition affects the function of salivary glands and cleansing.
Mumps is one of the most common viral cause of parotitis. There could be bacterial infections in parotitis because of the accumulation and growth of bacteria within the salivary glands.
Parotitis can be treated successfully with medications and one can lower their risk of developing parotitis by practicing good oral hygiene, drinking plenty of fluids, washing your hands, and receiving the MMR vaccine to prevent mumps.
Seek immediate medical care for serious symptoms such as a high fever and difficulty breathing or swallowing.
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