The blood-forming cells are affected by Leukaemia in their early stages. In most cases of leukaemia, white blood cells of a person are affected, but not in all as in some cases, this condition also affects other type of blood cells. If you are wondering as to what is childhood leukaemia, it should be noted that symptoms of leukaemia in children are the same as those of the disease in adults but at times they can be confusing. Wilms’ Tumour or neuroblastoma symptoms in children can be similar to those of leukaemia.
Blood cells are produced in the bone marrow. The white blood cells help to fight your body infection. Leukaemia is the condition in which the normal production of white blood cells becomes difficult. Abnormally high level of white blood cells are produced which gather around the healthy blood cells, due to which they cannot function normally in the body. There are two types of leukaemia, acute and chronic. Children usually get the acute type.
A child is more at risk of leukaemia if:
There are two types of chronic leukaemia. These are rare in children. They are called Chronic Myeloid (Myelogenous) Leukaemia and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. Treatment is often successful for curing childhood leukemia. It includes chemotherapy, drug therapy and radiation therapy. Bone marrow transplantation and blood stem transplantation can help in the treatment of leukaemia.
There is another type of leukaemia in children called the Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). It occurs mostly in children under the age of 4 and its symptoms are pale skin, cough, fever, trouble breathing (due to increased number of white blood cells in the lungs), swollen lymph nodes and spleen.
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