High Blood Pressure Tests

By  , Expert Content
Mar 11, 2013

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High Blood Pressure Tests

If your systolic and/or diastolic pressures are more than 140/90 mmHg on several occasions, your doctor will diagnose it as hypertension. If you have diabetes or kidney disease, blood pressure reading above 130/80 mmHg will be considered high.


[Read: Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure]


Some tests which your doctor will recommend before initiating therapy include;

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Echocardiogram: This is a test measured chambers and wall thickness of the heart and the function of the heart.
  • Blood tests such as measurement of electrolytes (sodium, potassium, calcium), blood urea and creatinine levels (these assess the kidney function and health)
  • Lipid profile to measure cholesterol level and triglyceride levels
  • Special tests for hormones of the adrenal gland or thyroid gland
  • Urine tests for electrolytes, proteins and hormones
  • Eye examination to look for changes and damage in the retina (hypertensive retinopathy) using  an ophthalmoscope
  • Blood glucose to rule out diabetes
  • Other tests such as ultrasound of the kidneys, CT scan of the abdomen, or both to assess the changes and damage to the kidneys and adrenal glands


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