What is Gastroparesis?

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Sep 06, 2014

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Quick Bites

  • Gastroparesis is a condition in which stomach muscles stop functioning.
  • It has an effect on the digestive system causing various symptoms.
  • Nausea and vomiting are some of the symptoms of this condition.
  • The cause of this condition is yet to be established.

What is Gastroparesis?

A condition in which the muscles of the stomach stop functioning properly is known as gastroparesis. In normal conditions, the contraction of strong muscles makes the food propel through the digestive tract. However, when a person suffers from gastroparesis the muscles in the wall of the stomach do not function properly or do not function at all. This prevents the stomach from emptying completely.

This condition can interfere with the digestion causing symptoms like nausea and vomiting and can cause problems with blood sugar levels and nutrition.

What Is Gastroparesis

What are the Symptoms?

The signs and symptoms of gastoparesis include the following:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite even after eating a small amount of food
  • Bloating in the abdomen
  • Gastroesophageal reflx
  • Changes in blood sugar level
  • Weight loss and malnutrition

What Is Gastroparesis


What are the Causes?

The cause of gastoparesis has not been established yet. However, in many cases gastoparesis is believed to be caused by damage to a nerve that has control on the stomach muscles (the vagus nerve).

The vagus nerve is responsible for managing the complex digestion process in the digestive tract, including the signaling of muscles in the stomach to contract and push food into the small intestine.

Image courtesy: Getty Images

Read more on Understand Gastoparesis.

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