Seizures in most people stop by themselves within a few minutes. Your doctor will do tests and recommend medication as needed to prevent seizures in the future. Seizures caused due to low blood sugar and low blood calcium do not need anti-epileptic medications after the underlying cause is corrected and the seizure is controlled. In patients with epilepsy (the commonest cause of seizure), however, medications will be needed. Seizures due to epilepsy can be controlled with anti-epileptic medications in most patients with the currently available medications and other treatment options. If you have seizure because of epilepsy, treatment without delay can help to prevent the relapse of seizure and improve prognosis.
Home care for seizures: In addition to treatment, care at home when the patient is having a seizure is essential. A person can get injured during a seizure. Therefore, when someone is experiencing a seizure, try to protect him or her from injury. Many people, while experiencing a seizure, fall down. You can easily prevent a fall by putting the person on the ground. Put the person in a safe area away from furniture or other sharp objects. Other measures to prevent injury include:
Antiepileptic drugs are prescribed if the seizure occurs because of epilepsy or other causes, such as brain injury, stroke, etc . There are many medications available to control seizures. You will be prescribed medication based on factors, such as:
If you have two or more seizures, long-term drug therapy may be started. In most people, seizures can be controlled with one medication, but some people with difficultly to control seizures may need two or more drugs to control seizures.
Some of the commonly prescribed anti-epileptic medications for seizures include:
Newer drugs available for treatment of seizures include lamotrigine, gabapentin and topiramate.
Other treatments for seizures: In people with seizures because of difficulty to control epilepsy with medications may be treated with surgery, vagus nerve stimulation and diet changes. If you have seizure because of low or high blood sugar, you will be recommended measures to maintain blood sugar level within the normal range.