Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the thyroid gland. The cancer is not so common, but it is one of the most curable cancers. All of us are at a risk of developing this cancer, but certain factors increase the risk of developing this condition. These include:
Age - Thyroid cancer occurs more often in people over 30 years of age as compared with younger adults or children.
Sex: Women are at higher risk of developing thyroid cancer than men (two to three times more likely).
Exposure to radiation: Exposure to radiation (may be accidental, eg; due to nuclear fallout) or radiation therapy to the neck increases the risk of developing thyroid cancer.
[Read: Thyroid Cancer Risk Factors]
Family history: If you have a family history of thyroid cancer or some rare syndromes that cause tumours of multiple glands, you are at anincreased risk of developing thyroid cancers.
There is no definite way to prevent thyroid cancer; but some of the factors that increase the risk of thyroid cancer can be modified. Some ways to decrease the risk of thyroid cancer include:
Your doctor can advise you regarding the follow up schedule and the tests that may be needed.
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