Sleep Deprivation Effects On Mental Health: Causes Psychiatric Disorders

The inability to fall asleep and stay asleep, as well as sudden awakenings, have associations with numerous mental health disorders as well. 

Tavishi Dogra
Written by: Tavishi DograPublished at: Jul 10, 2019
Sleep Deprivation Effects On Mental Health: Causes Psychiatric Disorders

Sleep well for peace of mind: Sleeping is a state where your body is at complete rest. This is the only time in the day when your brain's muscles are in the state of paralysis. While sleeping an individual is completely unaware of what is happening around them. Have you ever imagined why your 'night's sleep' is considered your complete sleep? Because it plays a significant role in your daily life. Some of its features are the following:

  • advances well-being
  • maintains mental health
  • enhances physical health
  • improves the deteriorating quality of life 

During your sleep, the body works continuously. It supports:

  • healthy functioning of the brain 
  • maintain well-being 

However, insomnia or improper sleep can raise the danger of some incessant health issues. Insomnia can affect:

  • thinking process
  • reactions
  • work atmosphere
  • learning

While sleeping, the following thing happens to your body:

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  • relaxation of muscles 
  • lowering of body temperature 
  • slow breathing

When you are in a night of deep sleep your body faces several physiological changes that help in enhancing the functions of the immune system. Therefore, the lack of sleep is directly proportional to the working system of your body. The deep sleep time is also considered between 3 AM to 5 AM.

Adverse effects of sleep deprivation

  • mood swings
  • irritated mood 
  • anger
  • stress
  • reduced capabilities

Psychiatric Disorders

Lack of sleep can hamper your stress hormones levels which can completely damage your brain. It also causes several hazards to your thinking abilities and imbalanced work life. Here are some psychiatric disorders that are caused by sleep deprivation:

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Depression - Low Spirits

Despair is a complex mood disorder that leads to low spirits. Depression can be distinguished by,

  • lack of vigor 
  • sadness 
  • disinterest 

It is discovered that a lot of these signs are linked to the quality of sleep you are getting, which amplifies when your body suffers it. However, there is no direct connection between good sleep and depression. But it is mostly seen that people who have faced depression, had improper sleep. However, insomnia is a common issue amongst people with suicidal tendencies. Patients are also at a high risk of relapse if they are not able to get quality sleep.

Anxiety - Nervousness and Restlessness

Anxiety refers to:

  • worry 
  • mental tension 
  • extreme fear
  • angst
  • panic attacks
  • uneasiness
  • jitters

A large number of anxiety patients also suffer from insomnia or sleep deprivation. Nowadays, kids, teenagers, and youth are suffering from it. It is also discovered that anxiety patients sleep for short periods than healthy youngsters.

Bipolar disorder - Manic depression

Also known as manic depression, bipolar is a brain disorder which can cause,

  • unusual energy shifts 
  • unusual mood swings 
  • unusual levels of activity

Symptoms of bipolar disorder include:

  • periods of extreme depression 
  • periods of abnormal energy levels
  • Lack of sleep is seen in the cases of manic depression

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