Menstruation and Menstrual Hygiene: All You Need To Know

It's overwhelming to fulfil the unmet demands of periods since each woman experiences a different torment. Here's everything about periods.

Tanya Srivastava
Written by: Tanya SrivastavaPublished at: Apr 30, 2022Updated at: Apr 30, 2022
Menstruation and Menstrual Hygiene: All You Need To Know

A woman goes through a lot of pain alongside social stigma during her periods, so much so that oftentimes most women do not even know about the nitty-gritties of periods until very later in their lives. Periods, also known as the menstrual cycle, occur when a woman's uterus breaks down and leaves the body. Periods crop up every month, it is constituted of blood, nutrients and tissues which also helps in preparing a woman's body for pregnancy.

When Does Periods Begin and End

The lining usually breaks at the time of puberty which rounds around the age of 12 to 15 years. The start of the periods are genetically influenced so some girls may experience it at an early age of 8 or 10 years also. Similarly the end of the same is affected accordingly. The end of periods in a woman's life is known as the menopause.


Menopause generally falls between the age on 45 to 55 years. It befalls when the ovaries no longer produce the high level of hormones. A change in the balance of a body's sex hormone is the only que that affects the pause of a menstual cycle.

Menstrual health and hygiene interventions aid women's health. It curtails many problems in respect to women and their hygiene during that time of the month. However, there are several myths that come clinging to this preconceived notion which is very so then considered a taboo in our country. 

Also Read: Are You Getting Periods Twice In A Month? Here Are Some Possible Reasons Why 

7 Side Effects That Come Along With Periods

  • Back and body pain
  • Fatigue
  • Cramps
  • Bloating
  • Mood swings
  • Insomnia
  • Swollen breasts
  • Acne and breakouts



7 Gospels About Periods That You Need To Know

  • On an average a woman has more than 400 to 500 periods in her lifetime which is around 7 years of periods.
  • There's a reason why tampons are often sold in a pack of 18 because that's the average number of tampons used during each cycle by  a woman.
  • You bleed a lot less than what you think. A woman only loses about 60mls of blood during each period.
  • The "period" you get while taking hormonal birth control isn't a real period since the body doesn't get the synthetic progesterone needed to keep your uterine lining in place.
  • Orgasms can make your cramps feel better.
  • Your natural scent changes while you're on your period.
  • Stress can cause menstrual cycles to become more painful.

7 Tips to maintain better menstrual hygiene

  1. Changing the pad/ tampon/ menstrual cup at regular intervals.
  2. Wash yourself down there with water. Your vagina is self sufficient when it comes to cleaning. However, if you feel too gross and/or unhygienic during periods you can use warm water instead.
  3. Beware of the pad rash. On the days of heavy flow, your pad can turn irritable which in turn will leave rashes on your body. Stay dry to avoid period chafing. 
  4. Have a bath daily, especially when you are down with periods. Bathing not only makes you feel clean and hygienic but also relieves you from back ache and menstrual cramps.
  5. Keep an extra dash of your period supplies in your carry bag just in case. You never know when you might need another.
  6. Wear breathable clothing when it comes to inner and outer wear. Your vagina can feel ever suffocating all through your menstrual cycle. Make your vagina at least breathe. Cotton underwear work the best during this time.
  7. Last but not the least, track your dates. Likewise, you will be more prepared and it's very beneficial to keep a track of your menstrual hygiene.


It can be a little overwhelming to fulfil all the unmet demands of periods since every woman experiences a different torment. Therefore, it is very necessary to know your body and its reaction to periods and in order to gauge how your menstrual cycle functions because a well prepared body and mind tends to take periods in felicity.

Image credits: Freepik