One of the most successful Bollywood actresses and a receiver of four Filmfare Awards, Manisha Koirala reigned during the 90s on the silver screen. She was recently seen playing the role of Nargis in the much-awaited Sanju. Known for her movies such as Agni Sakshi, Saudagar, Bombay etc., she was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the year of 2012.
She underwent an extensive treatment for six months in America. Her gruelling journey ended in 2015 and her battle with cancer is one that inspires all. Battling cancer is not an easy task; one needs a lot of strength and patience. Awareness also plays an important role when it comes to cancer, and one must know the signs of the disease to take suitable treatment.
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman’s ovaries. Ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system, and it produces eggs for reproduction. The ovaries are the primary source of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. The ovaries are made up of 3 kinds of cells, and each one of them can develop into a different type of a tumour. The three main types of ovarian cancer are:
Tumours that develop from the cells that cover the outer layer of the ovary are known as epithelial cell tumours. Epithelial cancers are benign and are the most common type of ovarian cancer. It is also one of the most dangerous cancers accounting for 85% (approximately) of all ovarian cancer deaths.
Ovarian germ cells tumours are tumours that develop in the cells producing eggs. They are non-cancerous cells that may be life-threatening. Teenagers and women in their twenties are at an increased risk of developing ovarian germ cells. The most prevalent type of germ cell malignancies are dysgerminomas, teratomas, and endodermal sinus tumours.
Stromal tumours develop in cells that hold the ovary together and synthesise the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. These tumours are rare, and the most common types are Sertoli-Leydig cell tumours and granulose-theca tumours. Approximately only two percent of the ovarian tumour cases are granulose cell tumours.
Also read: Diet for Ovarian Cancer Patients
Also read: Treatment of Ovarian Cancer
It is essential to know the signs of ovarian cancer for a proper diagnosis as well as treatment. Here are some of the symptoms of ovarian cancer are:
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