Diabetes can affect major organs in your body, including heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Keeping your blood sugar level close to normal can reduce the risk of many complications.
Diabetes is most often feared because of the latent damages it is associated with. Apart from raising blood sugar levels, which leads to chronic fatigue and associated symptoms, major organs are affected by diabetes as well. In certain cases, the organ damages associated with diabetes may be non reversible in nature, eventually requiring transplants and artificial support systems for sustaining life.
Therefore, diabetics are advised regular monitoring and supervision for early detection of damages that might have occurred. Early detection can always help in managing these problems better and in knowing how diabetes affects major organs.
Major Organs Affected by Diabetes
- The Heart: Heart is one of the major body parts affected by diabetes and probably the most affected one. A rise in the blood sugar levels can actually end up damaging the blood vessels that transport blood to and from the heart. Hence, the heart will receive reduced blood supply and will begin encountering problems. Inadequate supply of blood will force the heart to overwork thereby, causing chest pains, breathlessness and irregular heart rhythms etc. In extreme cases, these can lead to cardiovascular complications such as strokes and blockages.
- The Kidneys: Damaged blood vessels because of spiraling blood sugar levels will make it difficult for the kidneys to remove waste products from the blood. In extreme cases, this waste build-up can cause the kidneys to fail. Therefore, you may have to resort to a kidney transplant or start off with dialysis to sustain life.
- The Eyes: Diabetes can cause severe problems in the eyes, leading to complete vision loss. It also makes the eyes more susceptible to diseases such as glaucoma and cataract.
- The Feet: Diabetes is also known to be primarily responsible for causing nerve damage, especially in the feet. This may lead to numbness and tingling in the feet. As you lose sensation, minor cuts and wounds may go unnoticed and eventually develop into serious infections. Therefore, diabetics are advised to wash their feet regularly and resort to complete foot care.
- The Sexual Organs: Your sex organs also come under the list of body parts affected by diabetes. In men, prolonged diabetes is often associated with erectile dysfunction and impotency. Hence, leading normal conjugal lives and fathering kids may be a problem for diabetic males.
Although, major organs are affected by diabetes, the damage is primarily attributed to negligence and poor blood sugar control. Managing blood glucose levels can help in minimising the damage substantially.
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