Regular visits to the vet are important if your dog has diabetes. Early diagnosis and treatment is very important to ensure that your pet remains in good health despite the disease.
Diet: Proper diet is an important part of management of diabetes in dogs. Certain foods can help to control your dog’s blood sugar whereas there are certain other foods that can possibly worsen your dog’s diabetes. Your dog may require prepared meals instead of its regular food.
Give your dog diets high in fiber and low in sugar. These meals are slower to be digested, the dog does not have to digest a large amount of sugar at one time and the fiber stimulates insulin secretion in Type II diabetes.
Take care of the dogs feeding routine as well. Preferably feed twice a day rather than eating on a free choice basis. This helps to administer insulin just before the meals on a scheduled basis daily. If your dog eats on a free choice basis, try to change to two-meals-per-day feeding routine. If this is not possible then you will have to device some way to accurately measure the amount of food that your dog eats.
Insulin Injections: If needed the veterinary doctor will prescribe insulin to control your dog’s blood sugar. Insulin is given as injection once or twice a day. You may feel apprehensive initially of giving insulin injections. The vet can teach you how to administer insulin to your dog. The pet tolerates the injections very well as it does not cause pain when it is injected.
Complications due to insulin can occur in pets as well. If your dog is on insulin you should be vigilant, for symptoms of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Symptoms of hypoglycemia include---- weakness, sweating, confusion, fainting and coma.
Diabetes can lead to several complications in dogs----such as heart ailments, cataract. Give your dog Insulin injections regularly and take care of the diet this will ensure that your pet remains in good health despite the disease.
Exercises: Like humans with diabetes dogs must be managed with a healthy lifestyle to have a longer, healthier life. Take your dog for regular exercise such as daily walks. Regular exercise along with diet will help a dog maintain its optimal weight. Overweight dogs are at higher risk of developing diabetes.
Go for regular follow ups to the veterinary doctor to check your pet’s progress.
Dr Poonam Sachdeva, our in-house medical expert talks about the why what and how in diabetes.
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