From Endometriosis To Thyroid Issues: Here Are Some Hidden Dangers Of Missed Periods

Missing a period can be an indication of various health issues that can range from  minor issues to serious health concerns.

Sambhav Kumar
Written by: Sambhav KumarUpdated at: Apr 04, 2023 18:05 IST
From Endometriosis To Thyroid Issues: Here Are Some Hidden Dangers Of Missed Periods

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Keeping track of one's periods can assist in determining the length of the cycle and identifying any anomalies. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the average duration of a menstrual cycle is 28 days. On the other hand, a healthy cycle can span 21-45 days, depending on the individual.

Dangers Of Missed Periods

Missing a period can be an indication of a variety of health issues that can range from minor issues to serious health concerns. Some of the hidden dangers of missed periods include the following: 


Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue normally found inside the uterus grows on the other parts of the body like ovaries, fallopian tube and the gap between uterus and rectum. It causes severe pain and other symptoms. “Vaginal tightening while sexual intercourse or during physical activities are also the early symptoms of endometriosis”, says Dr Teena Thomas, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital, Brookefield, Bengaluru.

According to the Endometriosis Society of India, over 25 million women suffer from endometriosis, a painful ailment in which the majority of women are not adequately identified until they are in their late 30s.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is commonly characterised by irregular or infrequent menstrual cycles. Periods that continue several days or longer than usual are also unusual. As per Mayo Clinic, in the case of PCOS, you may have fewer than nine periods every year or it happens up to more than 35 days. Also, you can have difficulty getting pregnant.

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumours that can cause heavy, irregular periods and other symptoms. Journal Office of Women’s Health says fibroids are the tumours that develop on or in the uterus. 20% to 80% of women may have fibroids by the age of 50. Late menstruation, smoking, and the usage of birth control pills are all known to raise the risk of fibroids.

Also read: 7 Dietary Habits That Could Delay Your Periods

Thyroid Issues

Your thyroid regulates your menstrual cycle. The Office of Women’s Health emphasised on the fact that too much or too little thyroid hormone might cause irregular or light menstruation. Thyroid disease can also cause your periods to halt for several months or longer, which is known as amenorrhea. Other glands, including your ovaries, may be affected if your body is dealing with thyroid issues. An abnormally active thyroid gland can result in early menopause (before age 40).

When To See A Doctor

It is fairly normal to have a missed period every once in a while, and it can be caused by stress or other lifestyle factors. However, if you have missed more than one period in a row, it is important to speak to your doctor, as this could be a sign of a medical condition.

Also read: Association Between Diabetes And Periods, Expert Explains

It’s important to talk to your doctor if you have missed periods or experience any other symptoms. They can help you determine the cause and the best course of action. 

Your doctor will likely do a physical exam, ask about your medical history, and review any medications you are taking. They may also prescribe blood tests or other tests to rule out any underlying medical conditions. Depending on the results, your doctor may suggest a course of treatment or lifestyle changes to help regulate your menstrual cycle.