Gastritis can be categorized into two types--acute and chronic gastritis. In most cases symptoms of acute gastritis improve rapidly in a few days. Recurrent episode of acute gastritis may make the symptoms last for longer duration. In chronic gast
The term gastritis indicates inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be categorized into two types--acute and chronic gastritis. The timing and duration of the symptoms are used to differentiate between acute gastritis and chronic gastritis.
Expected duration of acute gastritis: Acute gastritis is caused due to sudden inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Some of the common causes of acute gastritis include use of certain medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use (NSAIDs), alcohol, eating or drinking corrosive substances, physiological stress, and infections. In some cases it may be caused because of severe, acute illness, or trauma. If acute gastritis is severe there may be bleeding from the stomach mucosa. However in most cases the bleeding is controlled rapidly (in a few hours). Duration of acute gastritis depends on many factors including the cause of gastritis, control of the causative factor, and treatment. For example, if it is caused by something you ate or drank the symptoms improve rapidly within a few hours to days. In the initial stages symptoms are mild and usually respond to treatment in a few hours to days. But with each recurrence the symptoms may last for longer duration and may be more severe. Repeated episodes of acute gastritis may lead to chronic gastritis.
Expected duration of acute gastritis: Chronic gastritis is caused because of chronic inflammation of the stomach mucosa. There are many possible causes of chronic gastritis, such as infection with Helicobacter pylori, bile reflux, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], autoimmunity, or allergic response. However, most cases (about 90%) of chronic gastritis, are caused because of infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria. Chronic gastritis may remain asymptomatic in some patients whereas other may have recurrent dyspeptic symptoms. People with chronic gastritis can have repeated flare-up of acute symptoms. It may take a few days to weeks to control symptoms that have been present for a while. People with chronic gastritis are at increased risk of developing complications such as peptic ulcer, gastric carcinoma, as compared with the general population.
Some measures to control symptoms
Regardless of the underlying cause and type of gastritis, the symptoms may worsen or improve with what you eat and drink and the medicines you take. Some measures which can help to improve symptoms include:
- Avoid spicy or acidic foods.
- Avoid excess tea and coffee.
- Avoid alcohol.
- After control of symptoms consult your health care professional for diet advise, and medications to be avoided
- Don’t take anti-inflammatory medicine (such as aspirin and ibuprofen) for pain. If needed take acetaminophen after consulting your doctor.
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