Growth and development
Growth and development in teenage years consists of not only physical changes, but changes in emotions, personality, behavior, thinking, and speech as well. The teenage years or the adolescence is the period when parents see the greatest increase in height and weight in their child. Besides the growth spurt changes of puberty also occur during teenage years or the adolescence. In the beginning of adolescence or teenage years your boy or girl is a child and by the end of teenage years he or she emerges as a man or woman. They are considered to be ready to assume an adult’s role in the society by the end of teenage years. During these years they are expected to ‘mature’ or change from thinking, feeling, adjusting and acting like a child to ways of an adult.
Rapid increase in height and weight
Growth in adolescent occurs in spurts. Children in this period usually grow several inches in several months, which is followed by a period of very slow growth, and then another period of rapid growth. Changes with puberty or sexual maturation usually occur gradually. As in childhood a great amount of variation in the rate of height and weight changes is seen in teenage years.
The average rate of gain in weight and height during teenage years is Females between 13 to 18 years of age
- Weight: 30--- 50 kg
- Height: 21--to 24 cm
Males between 13 to 18 years of age
- Weight: 34—53 kg
- Height: 26.5 to 50 cm
In girls the average age of maximum gain in height and weight is 11 years and for boys it is 13 years. Some teenagers may experience changes of puberty and growth spurt earlier or later than others.
Changes in body proportions
In addition to increase in height and weight, changes occur in body proportions in both
boys and girls. The body attains the adult proportions by the end of teenage years like the head becomes smaller in proportion as compared to the rest of the body. The head becomes smaller about 1/8th of the body size as compared to the head of a newborn which is about 1/4th the size of the body.
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