4 Common Developmental Disabilities In Children And How To Spot Them

Developmental disabilities are a combination of conditions caused due to physical or behaviorial areas. Here is everything you need to know about it.

Tanya Srivastava
Written by: Tanya SrivastavaPublished at: May 26, 2022Updated at: May 26, 2022
4 Common Developmental Disabilities In Children And How To Spot Them

Developmental disabilities are a combination of conditions which are caused because of a shortcoming in physical, learning, language, or behaviorial areas. These conditions begin during the developmental period in a child which in turn impacts the day-to-day functioning of chores. Such development disabilities may last throughout a child’s lifetime hindering several easy and basic activities.

Therefore, developmental monitoring should be an active, and ongoing process as a child grows. One best way to do this is by encouraging conversations between parents about a child’s skills and abilities. Developmental monitoring involves observing how your child grows and whether or not he or she meets the typical developmental milestones that most children reach by a certain age. This can be in terms of playing, learning, speaking, behaving, and even moving.

Symptoms Of Development Disabilities

  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety
  • Low mood
  • Irritability
  • Anger or Aggressive behavior
  • Attention difficulties

Common Developmental Disabilities

1. Vision, Hearing and Speech Disabilities

The majority of visual and hearing disabilities are diagnosed early in the life of a person. Hearing disabilities can cause speech disordersas well since speaking depends on the ability to hear and surround voices and sounds. Parents should get their children screened for hearing and speech impairment from time to time or if the child does not seem responsive in that respect in order to evaluate any suspected disabilities and aid the same within time.

2. Behavioral Disorders

Psychological and/or behavioral disorders in children are usually left undiagnosed and untreated for an unduly long time. This can cause severe damage to the child's overall health and development. Some of these behavioral disorders include the following:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Depression
  • Autism
  • Hyperactivity disorders

3. Motor disabilities

Motor disabilities refers to a disability where a child faces problems in terms of walking or using their arms and hands. These disabilities can further also affect the speech of the child. Some other disabilities found in infants and children may also include cerebral palsy, congenital abnormalities, and muscular dystrophies. It is important to monitor a child and their behaviors so that its not too late for the symptom and the same can be cured. After a child is diagnosed with motor disability, it can be treated with physical exercises as well. However, if the case is severe, medications are also involved.

4. Intellectual disabilities

Intellectual or cognitive disabilities in children refers to the mental retardation. In this disability a child is conditioned to a below average intellect. This impair and limits the academic performance and adaptive behavior of the child. It is difficult for the child to even barely read or write in several severe cases. They may also find it challenging to communicate and adapt to social gatherings.

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Developmental Disorder Treatment In Children

Developmental delay in most cases is not curable. However, it can be treated with right medication and exercises. Therefore, it it necessary to get the child diagnosed in the first symptom of any developmental disorder for which constant monitoring is very vital. These treatment programs may include:

  • Individual as well as family therapies
  • Medications
  • Behavioral analysis
  • Occupational therapy 
  • Speech therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Special education
  • Treatment of other underlying medical issues

Therefore, if a child has a developmental delay, it is important to get him or her help as soon as possible. Early identification and intervention can have a significant impact in bettering the child’s ability to learn new skills, as well as in reducing the need for costly medical treatments over time.