Diabetes has become almost an epidemic in adults. The three main types of diabetes are Type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus), Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or adult onset diabetes) and gestational diabetes. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or adult onset diabetes) is the commonest type of diabetes. Read to know what causes type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is thought to be an autoimmune disease. A healthy immune system helps to fight the germs (bacteria and virus) to prevent infection and diseases. But when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin it can destroy them and lead to insulin deficiency and type 1 diabetes.
In people with type 2 diabetes, in the initial stages the pancreas produces enough insulin, but the cells do not respond effectively to insulin due to insulin resistance. This causes increase in blood sugar levels. However, after a few years, insulin production in type 2 diabetes decreases.
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