Type 1 Diabetes Treatment in Children

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Oct 30, 2012

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Type 1 diabetes is a life-long auto-immune disease that requires its patient to be maintaining blood sugar levels along with other factors such as body weight by way of changes in lifestyle and medication. Type 1 diabetes is not uncommon in children and type 1 diabetes treatment in children will compromise glucose or blood sugar monitoring, insulin and other medications.  


[Read: Type 1 Diabetes Diet for Children]



Blood Sugar Monitoring

You will have to keep checking your child’s blood sugar levels depending on the type of insulin therapy he/she needs. While the blood glucose levels of some children may have to be monitored a minimum of three times a day, that of the others may have to be checked more often. To be able to keep a check on your child’s blood sugar, you will need handy testing machine. Remember that as your child grows up, his/her blood sugar changes with age. Keeping a blood glucose reading log should help you keep a track.


Irrespective of who has type 1 diabetes, insulin form an intrinsic part of his/her survival. Oral insulin is necessary because the stomach enzymes come in contact with the insulin taken orally. There are different types of insulin that can be taken by a type 1 diabetic child.

  • Short-acting insulin or  human insulin: this works 30—60 minutes after injection is given. The insulin level generally peaks in two to four hours.
  • Long-acting insulin: this insulin once injected does not peak and lasts 20 to 26 hours.
  • Rapid-acting insulin: this insulin works within five to 15 minutes and peaks at least 30—90 minutes later.
  • Intermediate-acting insulin: this insulin starts working one to three hours post injection and peaks in eight hours. This type of insulin is as effective as long-acting insulin though there is a likelihood of it causing low blood sugar.

The type of insulin used to manage your child’s blood sugar levels will be prescribed depending on his/her needs and age.


[Read: Causes of Type 1 Diabetes in Children]



Healthful Eating

Whatever type of diabetes one may be suffering from, the core treatment method is to manage diet to stay healthy. You don’t have to get your child to eat only boring, bland foods to manage blood sugar levels, but introduce a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains that are rich in nutrition, low in fat and calories. The dietician may recommend eating less of animal products and sweets for they are high in sugar and fat.

Whatever changes you make in your child’s diet or lifestyle should be made after consulting his/her doctor.


Read more articles on Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.



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