Diseases and infections can happen anywhere and sometimes it is hard to know what exactly has happened. Some infections are related to kidney, heart and lungs whereas some are related to legs, tissues, intestine and other organs. Thrombosis haemorrhoid is a painful condition when the sacs get pushed outside the anus and get filled with blood clots. This is very painful condition and even normal activities like sitting and walking can cause terrible pain in the area. Today, we will know what are its symptoms, causes and risks involved.
What is Thrombosis Haemorrhoid?
Dr. R.K. Singhal, Senior Haematologist and Head of Haematology Department at Max Super speciality hospital, Bangalore explains about this disease. He says “A person’s anal canal is linked with blood vessels and if these blood vessels get swollen up then it can form haemorrhoid. This can happen on the inside anal passage as well which can cause internal haemorrhoids. Likewise it can happen on the outside as well. Thrombosis haemorrhoid occurs when there are blood clots in these haemorrhoids. Haemorrhoids are enlarged vascular tissues that are present in lower rectum and anus. This is the opening through which your stool passes, haemorrhoids is a common problem until they swell up. It can even make your bowel movements uncomfortable and painful.”
Symptoms of Thrombosis Haemorrhoid
- Itching around the anus
- Bleeding while you are having bowel movements
- Swelling or lumps around the anus
- Pain while sitting and walking
- Pain is going to toilet to pass stool
If you are having fever along with pain and swelling then it can be an infection which is also called abscess. Unfortunately thrombosis haemorrhoids can become even more infected due to this and that can cause harm to your health.
What Causes Thrombosis Haemorrhoids?
Haemorrhoids are not much a symptom of any underlying disease but it can cause one. The cause of having thrombosis haemorrhoids is basically linked to what he eats. Diet is the major cause of it. He may develop this disease when more pressure is put on the anal passage. Thrombosis haemorrhoids is caused by these conditions –
1. When you try to push too hard to pass a stool
2. Having constipation and not getting it treated for a while
3. Having diarrhoea can also cause thrombosis haemorrhoid
4. Not going to toilet regularly or trying to stop bowel movements often
5. In case of pregnancy, as weight of the baby can put pressure on the veins along the walls of anus
6. Giving birth to the child, pressure of that process can affect the anal passage
7. Sitting on the same spot for excessive time, like while travelling in a train or by bus.
8. Not eating enough fibres which again can lead to constipation
9. In older age, the tissues becoming weak and hence the person faces this disease.
10. Irregular bowel movements
However, not every person who has external haemorrhoids develops blood clots. It depends on person to person. It is even hard to understand the cause of getting blood clots in veins in case of external haemorrhoids. Thus one should keep a strict check on his diet, especially if the person is old or pregnant.
Treatment of Thrombosis Haemorrhoids
The major treatment used to treat patients of thrombosed haemorrhoids is thrombectomy. It is a small procedure in which the surgeon cuts the haemorrhoid and drains the blood for proper flow. It can be very painful procedure hence the doctor may give anaesthesia before performing the surgery. It affectively makes the blood clots go away. It is important to get the surgery done within few days when you notice blood clots getting developed. In most cases this process is sufficient but in some cases, another surgery may be required.
There are three other methods to treat thrombosis haemorrhoids. It includes-
Haemorrhoidectomy- In this surgical method, the blood vessels and the blood clots are removed and is done after giving anaesthesia. This procedure is only carried out in severe cases when other options do not work.
Rubber band ligation- This is a bit strange process to understand. An elastic band is put around the base of haemorrhoid. Because of this the blood supply no longer goes in the area and causes it to shrink. Rubber band ligation takes time and initially it may be painful.
Stapled haemorrhoidopexy- This process is simpler than it sounds. In this treatment the haemorrhoids are stapled in one place. The person is under general anaesthesia while this process goes on.
Thrombosis Haemorrhoid is an infection in which the veins along the walls of the anus are pressurised so much that is causes the blood clot. It can be very painful and can cause problem while sitting and walking. There are less chances of it to be caused because of underlying health disease. Thrombosis Haemorrhoid is caused because of diet and can affect people with older age or pregnant women. All the treatment methods are safe and do not cause any complication or side-effects. After the treatment, one should take rest for few days and have a light meal that can be easily digested and have smooth bowel movements. Thrombosis Haemorrhoid does not cause any severe complication but is very painful in the term of infection.
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