Mamma in Latin means breast; a mammogram is a type of X-ray which is used to diagnose breast disease especially cancer. Breast cancer is a common type of cancer in women which affects one in eight women during their lives. Mammography can help to detect breast cancer in early stages and the amount of X-ray exposure during a mammography is limited.
[Read: Know What is Mammography]
The aim of screening by mammography is to detect the cancer in early stages before it spreads. If the cancer is detected at an early stage it is likely to be smaller, with limited spread to lymph nodes and adjacent tissue and therefore more likely to be responsive to treatment as compared to cancers detected by women through self-examination. As breast cancer can be detected at early stage with mammography, women are recommended to go for regular mammography to diagnose breast cancer. Read to know when to undergo mammography.
According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) of United States of America screening mammograms should be done for:
Some factors which increase the risk of breast cancer and indicate the need of screening from an earlier age;
Women below 40 years do not need to be screened as:
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