HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks infection fighting cells of the body that makes a person more prone to various infections and diseases. To dig more into it, Onlymyhealth editorial team spoke to Dr. Anuja Lakra, Consultant, Internal medicine, HCMCT Manipal hospitals, Dwarka, about the preventive measures of HIV Aids.
What is AIDS?
AIDS is an advanced stage of HIV infection. It is a virus that affects our immune system. This infection is usually transmitted when someone comes in contact with body fluid of an HIV affected person. These fluids can be blood, saliva, vaginal secretions or semen. It can also be transmitted by sharing of syringes between drug users. Moreover, it can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, labour, delivery, as well as during breastfeeding. So, how can we prevent ourselves from getting this infection? Some ways to do so are:
The most important thing to prevent HIV AIDS is abstinence and this is a sure shot preventive measure.
2. Using condoms
Using condoms in the right way is also something one should keep in mind. Limiting your sexual partners to one person can help in preventing this disease.
3. Avoid sharing syringes
Drug abusers should avoid sharing syringes to prevent HIV AIDS. In fact, people should also avoid sharing razors and other devices that come in direct contact with your blood.
There are medications that can be used as per exposure and post exposure profile axis. Usually, these medicines should be strated within 72 hours of exposure. For females, it is very important that they get themselves investigated regularly and also get themselves vaccinated for HPV as well as for Hepatitis B because these are some STDs which may make you more prone to HIV infection. So, these are some special points you should remember to prevent this infection. As the government has taken initiative for sex education in children, so it has become important that all individuals including males and females should be given sex education at early stage so that they are aware of it.
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