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Glaucoma is a group of diseases which threaten to damage normal vision and can even lead to gradual loss of vision without showing warning symptoms.
Symptoms of glaucoma depend on the type of glaucoma. Chronic glaucoma usually causes no noticeable symptoms till late in the course of disease and vision can be significantly damaged by the time it is diagnosed.
Glaucoma treatment aims to reduce intraocular pressure by improving aqueous outflow, or reducing the production of aqueous, or both to prevent damage to vision. Treatment options for glaucoma include eye drops, oral medications and surgery. Your doctor will recommend treatment based on the type of glaucoma and severity of symptoms.
There are several types of glaucoma and prognosis depends on the type of glaucoma. There is no cure for open-angle glaucoma, but the symptoms and damage to vision can be prevented by closely following your doctor's instructions. Closed-angle glaucoma (CAG) develops rapidly, and in some cases, it can lead to blindness in one to two days if not treated promptly.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases which can cause loss of vision without any warning symptoms. Many a times it is referred to as ‘silent thief of sight’ as in the early stages of the disease it may cause no symptoms but still loss of vision can occur. Consult a doctor if you have any symptoms related to vision or eyes.
There are no known ways to prevent glaucoma but you can prevent damage to vision due to glaucoma. According to experts people aged 40 or more with family history of open-angle glaucoma should have eye test at least every two years, or more frequently if the optometrist recommends it.
Glaucoma, often does not cause any symptoms and it may be a long time before you realise that you have a problem with your eyesight. But there are several tests such as tonometry, central cornea thickness, gonioscopy, visual field test which can help to diagnose glaucoma.
There is no cure for most types of glaucoma. Treatment can control symptoms and prevent loss of vision. Surgery for congenital glaucoma can cure the disease and relieve symptoms effectively.
It is important to detect glaucoma in its initial stages as it is not reversible and cannot be cured, but timely detection can help arrest the disease so that the patient never develops any visual disability.
May is Healthy Vision Month. To mark the occasion, NIH’s National Eye Institute is focusing attention on a group of diseases called glaucoma. Left untreated, glaucoma can damage the optic nerve and destroy eyesight.