The Ultimate Guide to Understanding All About STDs

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Jan 02, 2014
Quick Bites

  • There are more STDs that exist than just HIV.
  • Symptoms of STDs vary but mostly involve severe discomfort and pain.
  • The best way to know if you have STD or not is to speak with your doctor.
  • The only best way to prevent STDs is to abstain from sexual intercourse.


The American Social Health Organization points out that one out of four teens in the United States becomes infected with an STD each year and by the age of 25 years about half of all the sexually active young adults develop an STD.

STDsSTDs or sexually transmitted diseases are those that spread when a person has sexual intercourse with an infected person. This type of diseases can be contracted from sexual activity that involves the anus, mouth, vagina or penis. STDs are serious medical problems that must be treated adequately and as soon as possible. Certain types of STDs like HIV cannot be cured and are therefore, deadly. By learning about each type of STD, you will be able to protect yourself from them.

Common Types of STDs

Some of the common types of STDs include the following:
•    Genital Herpes
•    Hepatitis B
•    Human Papilloma Virus or genital warts
•    Chlamydia
•    Gonorrhea
•    Syphilis

Symptoms of STDs

Sometimes, it gets difficult to tell whether one has an STD or not. But, If there are symptoms, they may include the following:
•    swelling or redness near the genitals
•    sores, bumps or warts near the anus, mouth, vagina or penis
•    painful urination
•    rashes on the skin
•    loose stools, weight loss, night sweats
•    yellowing of the skin
•    pains, chills, fever and aches
•    painful sexual intercourse
•    bleeding from the vagina other than during the menstrual cycle
•    severe itching near the vagina or penis
•    penile or vaginal discharge.

How to know if you have an STD or not

The best way to know if you have an STD or not is by speaking to your doctor about the symptoms. The doctor will then examine you further and recommend tests to determine if you really have an STD or not.

How is an STD treated?

Treatment for an STD aims at:
•    curing the STD
•    lessening the symptoms of STD
•    helping one to be and stay healthy
•    helping one to reduce the risk of contracting an STD.

Most STDs are treated with the help of antibiotics. It is important for the patient to take these medicines as prescribed by the doctor for the symptoms to completely go away. Make sure that you do not take someone else’s medicine to treat your condition. By doing so, you would make it even more difficult to get treated completely.

How to Protect Oneself from STDs

Following the below-mentioned ways will help you to keep yourself protected from STDs.
•    It is important to consider that the only sure way to prevent STDs is to not have sex or sexual relations.
•    Limit the number of sexual partners you have. The more partners you have, the more you are likely to catch an STD.
•    Try to practice monogamy and ensure that the person you choose to have sex with also prefers to have it only with you.
•    If you suspect that someone is likely to be suffering from some type of STD, do not try to have sex with them. But, keep in mind that you can’t always accurately tell if someone has an STD or not.

Because STDs are common and widely prevalent, it is important for you to make sure that whoever you choose to have sex with is not suffering from the disease. This can reduce your risk, significantly.


Read more articles on STDs.

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