The feeling comes back to you, you are feeling dizzy, like as if you are at a great height and everything seems to be moving around you. You make a desperate attempt to clasp the next person you see, but you fall, you fall flat on the floor.
You have just experienced vertigo here above, and it is definitely not a very pleasing experiencing. There is not much you can do at such a time, except to may be sit still and take help from someone around you. But irrespective of its symptoms which may seem like pretty easy to identify the disease occurs when a patient has problems in the posterior or semicircular canals of the inner ear, which is medically known as the vestibular labyrinth area of the ear. Treatments for vertigo greatly depend on the cause and the severity of vertigo that is affecting you. Being anxious can make the symptoms of vertigo worse.
It is an inner ear infection that causes labyrinth which is a delicate structure located deep inside your ear, and it gets inflamed. This is caused by a viral infection and clears on its own without any treatment. When labyrinth is caused by bacterial infection which happens in rare cases, antibiotics are prescribed. In case of hearing loss you are referred to ENT (ear, nose and throat) specialist or even an audio-vestibular who is a doctor specialising in hearing and balancing disorder.
This is the inflammation of the vestibular nerve which is one of the nerves in the ear that is used for balancing. This is caused usually by a viral infection, and you will need to take rest in bed in the symptoms get severe. Your balance would particularly affect if you drink alcohol, are tired and have other illnesses. To recover from this you will need to stop drinking.
Much like the vestibular neuronitis, the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo clears up without treatment after weeks or months. When undergoing treatment you must get out of bed slowly, avoid any activity that involves looking upwards. The condition is treated using the following treatments:
The Epley manoeuvre – This is a procedure called a canalith repositioning procedure which is effective in resolving the symptoms of vertigo.
Brandt-Daroff Exercises – These are series of movements which you can do unsupervised at home to treat BPPV. This is done when epley manoeuvre does not work or it isn’t suitable.
Referral for BPPV – In this case you will be asked to see an ENT (ear, nose and throat) specialist when epley manpeuvre does not work, or the symptoms remain after several weeks. In some other rare cases when the symptoms last for very long you would be recommended to go through a surgery.
When your vertigo is caused by Ménière's disease which is a rare condition that affects your inner ear then there are a number of treatment options for both the vertigo and other symptoms by this condition. Treatments include:
This is a problem that occurs in part of the brain such as cerebellum or the brainstem. You will be helped by your physician who will organize a scan or refer you to a hospital specialist. This would be a neurologist or an ENT or an audio-vestibular.
Medications are also given to treat such episodes of vertigo that are caused by vestibular neuronitis or Ménière's disease. The medications are given for 3 to 14 days, depending on the condition.
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