What is the treatment of Rabies?

By  , Expert Content
Oct 01, 2012

Rabies is lethal if the symptoms develop and there is no specific antiviral drug for treatment of rabies. This makes it important that if you are bitten by an animal you receive injections to prevent the infection from taking hold.


Treatment of people bitten by animals


Clean the wound properly with soap and water after an animal bite. Consult your physician for advice regarding rabies vaccine. Your doctor after examining you can recommend the vaccination schedule.


Your doctor will advice rabies vaccine if;

  • You are bitten by an animal known to have rabies or
  • It is not known if the animal has rabies (it is best to assume that the animal has rabies).

There are 2 types of injection for protection against rabies after an animal bite. These include;

  • Rabies immunoglobulin: Human rabies immunoglobulin (HRIG) shot is fast-acting and helps to prevent the virus from infecting you. It is given as injections near the bite
  • Rabies vaccine: The vaccine is given over a period of about 1 month and it helps your body learn to identify and fight the rabies virus. These are given as injections in your arm.

How to determine whether the animal that bitten you has rabie?


It may be possible to verify if the animal that has bitten you has rabies. Like, if the animal is a pet dog or cat that is vaccinated properly for rabies you won't need the shots. If you can locate and observe the animal that has bitten you for 10 days and the animal remains healthy in this period then you probably won’t need rabies shot. Consult your doctor and local public health officials to decide if it is sensible to wait before you receive rabies shots.



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