Impacted tooth is the one that erupts through the gums or erupts only partially by the expected age. The third molars, also known as wisdom teeth, are the last teeth to come out. Being the last teeth to come out, wisdom tooth can often cause problem and can become impacted. Most commonly they come out when one is between the age of 16-20 years.
Wisdom tooth may get impacted if the space left in the mouth is not adequate to accommodate them. There can be a chance of wisdom teeth becoming impacted if it turns to one side, gets tilted or is positioned erroneously.
Your dentist will examine your teeth to figure out if you have impacted wisdom teeth or there is another reason behind discomfort. Besides the evaluation of your mouth and teeth, he/she will ask questions about your dental symptoms and general health. An examination of the condition of your teeth and gums will be done. Besides, dental X-rays can be taken to determine the presence of impacted teeth as well as damage to teeth or bone.
The treatment of impacted tooth depends on the examination. Your dentist may suggest removing wisdom teeth to prevent future potential problems. There is also a more conservative approach considering that wisdom tooth is not causing problems. In this approach, your dentist will monitor your teeth for decay, gum disease or other complications.
The complications and symptoms such as swelling on the gums, the side of the jaw, pain, irritation, pain while eating and bad breath can last from days to months and can be recurrent. If there is intermittent pain, it is only relieved when the tooth is extracted.
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