Ohtahara syndrome is a neurological disorder in which the patient experiences seizures. It can affect children within the first three months of life and often within the first 10 days of being born. It first manifests in the form of epileptic seizures.
The syndrome is believed to be caused by a structural damage in the brain or by metabolic disorders, although there is no conclusive evidence to suggest it. Most infants suffering from this disorder tend to express a significant amount of underdevelopment of part or all of the cerebral hemispheres.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke conducts as well as supports extensive research program on the seizures and seizure-related disorders. A lot of the research on the subject is aimed at increasing scientific understand of the disorders and finding different ways to prevent, treat as well as cure them.
The EEGs of infants with Ohtahara syndrome reveal a characteristic pattern of high voltage spike wave discharge followed by little activity. This pattern is known as “burst suppression.” Doctors have observed that boys are more often affected than girls.
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