Ears are delicate organs that can catch an infection easily. Here are some expert tips to prevent it. 


5 Expert Tips To Prevent Ear Infection

Ears are delicate organs that can catch an infection easily. Here are some expert tips to prevent it. 

Navya Kharbanda
Written by: Navya KharbandaPublished at: Apr 27, 2022Updated at: Apr 27, 2022
5 Expert Tips To Prevent Ear Infection
Ears are very delicate organs. They are unique in having their own cleansing mechanism. Ear infections not only are painful but they can cause temporary healing issues as well if not treated timely. But as they say that prevention us better then cure, here are certain tips that one can follow to prevent ear infections. Ear infections are also known as glue ear, secretory otitis media, middle ear infection, or serous otitis media. 
Adults get them, too, but kids usually get them more often because they haven’t built up their immune systems to fight off common viruses and bacteria yet. You can’t always stop all ear infections. But you can learn what causes them and then take steps to lower the chances that you or a child in your care will get them. In many cases, ear infections clear up on their own. Your healthcare provider may recommend a medication to relieve pain. Onlymyhealth editorial team spoke to Dr. Dilpreet Bajwa, Consultant, Department of ENT, Artemis Hospital, Gurugram, to know about some tips to prevent an ear infection. 

How to prevent ear infection

ear infection

Viral or bacterial infections can occur in the middle of the ear. These often cause pain, inflammation, and fluid buildup. Ear infections are painful because the inflammation and buildup of excess fluid increases pressure on the eardrum. According to Dr. Dilpreet, here are some tips to prevent and ear infection
1. Don't use tools like key, pencil, pen, hair  pins or even your fingers for cleaning the ears 
2. Use clean and hygienic ear buds if you wish to clean your ears but remember to clean only the outer part of the ear that is called " the pinna" or ear lobe.
3. Nothing should ever be used to clean the ears from inside.
4. Avoid pouring water or liquids or oils to clean your ears 
5. If you catch a cold, do not blow your nose too hard as that may in turn impact your ears and cause infection.
6. Avoid traveling by air if you have an  active nose infection as pressure changes at height and it can cause your ears not to pop and hence an ear infection.
7. Consult your doctor immediately if you  have a blocked ear, discharge from the ear, itching and pain in the ear, or nose infection.
8. Avoid swimming if you have an active nose infection.
9. If you are a hearing aid user, remember to clean your hearing aid and dry them in the dry box at regular intervals. 
10. In case you use ear buds or air pods, please store them in a clean box and clean them with a infecting wipe regularly. And, clean with a disinfecting wipe.

Types of ear infection 

Hearing problems and other serious effects can occur with ongoing ear infections, frequent infections and when fluid builds up behind the eardrum. Here are the main types of ear infection: 

1. Acute otitis media 

AOM is the most common and least serious form of ear infection. The middle ear becomes infected and swollen, and fluid is trapped behind the eardrum. Fever can also occur.

2. Otitis media with effusion 

After an ear infection has run its course, there may be some fluid left behind the eardrum. A person with OME may not experience symptoms, but a doctor will be able to spot the remaining fluid.

3. Chronic otitis media with effusion 

COME refers to fluid repeatedly returning to the middle ear, with or without an infection present. This leads to a reduced ability to fight other infections and has a negative impact on hearing ability.