Premenstrual symptoms (PMS) can cause physical, behavioural, emotional and cognitive symptoms. Severity of symptoms can vary from mild to severe, from woman to woman and cycle to cycle. Many women experience premenstrual symptoms as a part of menstrual cycle at some time during their life. The PMS symptoms are caused by monthly hormonal changes and if your body is not affected by the monthly hormonal changes, you probably have mild premenstrual symptoms or none at all, but if you experience any symptoms that affects or disrupts your work, relationships with others or sense of well-being, you are said to have premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
The premenstrual symptoms occur in the luteal phase of menstrual cycle or soon after. Luteal phase of menstrual cycle is defined as the period between ovulation and the start of menstrual bleeding. The symptoms may last for the entire luteal phase or affect you in some part of it, such as during ovulation or a few days before menstrual bleeding. A woman can stop or start having PMS symptoms without any reason.
Physical symptoms of PMS
Some physical symptoms experienced by a woman as part of PMS include:
Behavioural symptoms of PMS
Some behavioural symptoms experienced by a woman as part of PMS include:
Emotional and cognitive symptoms of PMS
Some emotional and cognitive symptoms experienced by a woman as part of PMS include:
Some women have severe premenstrual symptoms, such as mood swings, depression, irritability or anxiety (with or without physical symptoms). If you experience severe emotional and cognitive symptoms, it is known as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). In most women, the symptoms start to improve within the first 3 days of menstrual bleeding. PMDD is not a common problem and affects about 5 out of 100 women.
Symptoms experienced by women with PMDD include: