Risk factors for Genital Warts

By  , Expert Content
Aug 31, 2012

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Risk factors for Genital Warts

Genital warts which are a common type of sexually transmitted disease can infect anyone who is sexually active (including vaginal, oral, or anal contact). But certain factors which increase your risk of genital warts, spreading the infection more quickly, triggering a recurrence or other complications of HPV includes.


Behaviours/Lifestyle factors

  • Not using condoms (unprotected sex).
  • Becoming sexually active at a young age.
  • Being sexually active for many years.
  • Multiple sexual partners. Each additional sexual partner increases your risk of being exposed to the risk of being infected by the human papillomavirus, which is the cause of genital warts.
  • Having sex with a person who is infected with genital warts or not being aware of infection status of your partner.
  • Tobacco and alcohol.
  • Stress (physical or emotional).




In women genital warts may appear or increase in number during pregnancy. Genital warts increase the risk of complication in pregnancy. Warts on the cervix or vagina can complicate delivery as they tend to bleed easily and can infect the newborn (when delivered vaginally).




Some experts consider that new infections occur commonly in young adults (people in their 20’s) who have multiple sexual partners.


Other diseases


The risk of genital warts (or for that matter for most sexually transmitted disease) is higher in people with HIV and other diseases which affect the immune system, another sexually transmitted disease or a history of sexually transmitted disease.


If a child has genital warts, the possibility of sexual abuse should be considered. Also people who have a greater number of risk factors have a greater likelihood getting genital warts. Therefore, if you have risk factors for genital warts consult a health professional for advice regarding measures to reduce your risk of developing genital warts.


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