When a pregnant woman gets infected, it does not mean that the foetus will be infected too, but it certainly increases the foetus' risk of developing some type of disese.
Maternal infection during pregnancy should not be ignored as they can cause deficiencies in foetal neurodevelopment, and the child may develop many other diseases such as epilepsy, schizophrenia, autism, mental retardation and cerebral palsy.
Maternal infections are transmitted to the foetus, either across the placenta during foetal development or during labour and pass through the birth canal. Generally, antibodies in the maternal blood prevent most infections from being transmitted to the foetus. Some infections, however, particularly in the first trimester of pregnancy can get transferred to the foetus leading to miscarriage or severe birth defects. There are many kinds of infections affecting the mother during pregnancy, like:
A woman during pregnancy is prone to bacterial infections caused by Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes. These can cause miscarriage, foetal or newborn death, premature delivery or severe illness in the mother and infant.
Apart from the above, a mother can develop other infections also such as tuberculosis, hepatitis, candidiasis, pneumonia, several urinary tract infections and even minor cough and cold.
Maternal infection during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage and stillbirth. These infections can get transmitted to the foetus causing severe birth defects to the child. So, proper care should be taken if a woman gets infected during pregnancy. Good hygiene and proper vaccination can prevent maternal infections during pregnancy.
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