Laser treatments for the skin can be used to treat scars, wrinkles and improving skin texture as a whole. Laser treatments use different wavelengths of light beams to treat different skin conditions. The principal on which laser treatments work on is the fact that different tissues in the body absorb only certain wavelengths of light.
The aim of laser treatment is to target the problematic tissues and beam them with a particular frequency of light which causes the tissue cells to heat up and break down. Laser treatments can also work as laser peels working on the same principle as chemical peels. Light beams are used to vaporize skin’s topmost layer and encourages new skin growth. Wrinkles and facial lines can be treated with laser treatments. Another laser treatment known as Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) uses pulses of laser beams to destroy acne and contracting sebaceous glands which decreases sebum production making the skin less prone to acne.
Laser treatments are done under anesthesia and duration of treatment and numbers of sittings depend on the condition which is to be treated.
Individuals with any of the following skin conditions can opt for laser treatment
- Scars due to acne or chicken pox.
- Facial lines which are fine to moderate in formation.
- Age spots.
- Skin pigmentation or uneven skin tone.
- Skin damaged due to sun exposure.
Laser treatments if performed by qualified and experienced doctors pose bare minimum risks.
- People with darker complexion might face uneven skin tone after the treatment. Skin may get darker or lighter some weeks after the surgery.
- Patients who have for the previous twelve months been on the medication of Accutane are at a risk of scarring or skin damage.
- People with history of herpes should not undergo laser treatments as it may trigger an outbreak.
Precautions and after care
Laser treatments on the skin can result in tenderness and formation of blisters. Skin feels raw and inflamed coupled with burning and itching sensation. Your face may be covered with bandages depending on the areas treated for a few days.
- Lasers are drying to the skin so keep your skin moist by using medicated creams prescribed by the doctor.
- Avoid strenuous activities or sports.
- Never pick at scabs or healing skin as you risk scarring.
- Skin is sensitive to extremes of temperature, so avoid exposure to sun.
Read more on Body Surgeries