How to know if you have malaria

How will you know if you have malaria? Read the list of the symptoms that are clearly perceptible in the person who has fallen prey to malaria.

Eesha Duggal
Blood DiseasesWritten by: Eesha DuggalPublished at: Jan 28, 2013
How to know if you have malaria

Malaria is not a disease that can afford to be neglected. It has a tendency to occur again and again and thus, its early detection and diagnosis is imperative. Very often, travellers visiting tropical and sub tropical countries where malaria is a woe, contract malaria.


How to know if you have malaria

How will you know if you have malaria? For your assistance, below is the list of the symptoms that are clearly perceptible in the person who has fallen prey to malaria:

  • Fever: The body temperature mounts up to a heating degree. Malaria can cause your body temperature to reach up to 104 degrees or even higher. So, if you have been on a holiday to a malaria-prone area, do get yourself checked.
  • Nausea/vomiting: Many people report to have been experiencing bouts of stomach sickness and vomiting after contracting malaria. If you find yourself spewing frequently, reach out to a doctor.
  • Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea is a common symptom of malaria. The infected individual experiences loose stools.
  • Shaking chills: Shivering is often seen in malaria fever. The patient experiences unstoppable shivering.
  • Headache: If you’re experiencing headache, do not ignore it. It is one of the most common symptoms of malaria.
  • Tiredness or Fatigue: This symptom is universal to everyone who has contracted malaria. This is because malaria parasites travel through liver to the blood stream. After hitting the blood stream, the parasites multiply inside the RBCs till they chock-a-block and burst. Tiredness is caused because the red blood cells are reduced in number and they fail to circulate oxygen in the body. This retards their prime functioning and the patient feels tired.
  • Muscle ache: One of the most common symptoms of malaria is muscle ache.
  • Sweating: Do not mistake your sweat for hot weather of tropical regions, especially when it occurs with other malaria symptoms.
  • Difficulty in Breathing: In the most severe cases of malaria, the patient might find it difficult to breathe properly.
  • Unconsciousness: Loss of consciousness is also seen as one of the symptoms of malaria fever. It includes fainting and unconsciousness for a fairly long period.
  • Pale or Bluish Skin: Since malaria results in anaemia , the person bitten by anopheles turns pale and bluish.
  • Loss of appetite: There’s a serious loss of appetite after getting affected by malaria.
  • Insomnia: Many a times, insomnia is another symptom that is clearly visible in the person.

Malaria eventually causes anaemia and jaundice which is characterised by yellow colouring of eyes and skin due to loss of red blood cells. Plasmodium falciparum can even cause kidney failure, coma, seizures and even death. That’s why it’s a good idea to visit your doctor soon if any of these symptoms are evident in you after a tropical or subtropical adventure.

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