Glutamine for Diabetes

Glutamine for Diabetes: Glutamine for diabetes is good but not in all cases. Learn about how you need to manage your glutamine intake to gain health benefits.

Vatsal Anand
DiabetesWritten by: Vatsal AnandPublished at: Jun 22, 2012
Glutamine for Diabetes

Glutamine for DiabetesIs glutamine good for diabetes? It can be with regards to the positive effect it has on certain medical conditions caused by diabetes.


Glutamine is an amino acid which is present mainly in muscle tissues. More than 61 per cent tissues of skeletal muscles are made up of glutamine. It is released from the muscle cells after extended exercise, and result in discharge of water, dehydration and eventual breakdown of muscles. Glutamine has a role to play in brain function, immune system and gastro-intestinal health. Taking supplements of glutamine for diabetes depends on the overall condition of your health. You need to take it after consultation with your healthcare provider.


Blood Glucose

According to a study conducted in Australia, glutamine prevents excessive blood sugar rise after meals. It was found to aid in secretion of a compound that regulates the level of insulin in the body. The participants in the study were given glutamine before they had a low-fat meal. The result was that insulin levels improved a little after the meal and also after 3 hours. This lead the researchers to conclude that glutamine can be useful in managing blood glucose level, particularly after meals. The relation between glutamine and your blood sugar needs to be monitored if you intend to take the supplements.

Immune system

According to some experts, glutamine can have an adverse impact on the development of certain autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes. They base their assertion on the fact that immune cells use high levels of glutamine, and if glutamine is blocked, so does the progression of diabetes. Thus, it stands to reason, say the experts, that the ability of glutamine to promote white blood cell activity (immunity function) can aid in development of type 1 diabetes. This is opposite to the positive effect of glutamine in type 2 diabetes.


Glutamine can be helpful in preventing diabetic neuropathy which is caused by high blood sugar level. This condition is a type of nerve damage and it can be prevented by glutamine supplements. The antioxidant amino acid glutathione helps in prevention of this condition and glutamine is a precursor to this substance.

This was tested in a lab on animals. They were given glutamine supplements for 120 days and it was found to prevent cell death associated with the condition in intestinal nerves. Glial cells, which support nerves to function, were also improved in their growth and function by glutamine supplements.

Relation between l-glutamine and diabetes warrants further research.


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