Female Contraceptive Methods
Today there are many female contraceptives methods available in market but people often shield away from knowing about them. Contraceptive methods for women not only help to avoid unwanted pregnancy but also control widespread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). However, before opting for any contraceptive method it is wise to talk to your partner about the contraceptive method you wish to use and most importantly consult a gynecologist.
Intra-Uterine Device (IUD)
IUD is reliable as well as cost effective contraceptive method of birth control. It is placed inside the womb of women wherein it releases hormone named progestogen inside the uterus. This hormone work to prevent fertilization of egg, it changes the uterus lining and unable the egg to implant. Effectiveness of intra uterine device varies from one type to other. For instance some remain effective five to ten years while some can be used only for one year.
The only drawback of this contraception method is that it can cause pelvic infection or bleeding in some of the cases. Besides this it has also been reported to increase the risk of STDs.
About 100 million women worldwide use oral contraceptive pills for birth control. Contraceptive pills contain two synthetic hormones namely oestrogen and progestogen. Each of these hormones prevents implantation by thickening cervical muscles of women and prevents ovaries to release eggs.
Contraceptive pills have also been surrounded by controversies. However, with the increasing number of users indicates that risks are outweighed by its benefits. The disadvantages of contraceptive pills include weight gain, nausea and fatigue. Besides this the women who have liver tumors or any sort of cardiac problem must stay away from these pills. According to a report by Royal College of General Practitioners (2010), pill users are at 12 percent low risk of developing cancer.
Diaphragm is a cervical barrier that is inserted inside women’s body and creates seal against vaginal wall. It is a latex disk that prevents sperms from entering uterus.
It is available in form of foam, creams and gels that eradicate sperms. Spermicides are very easy to use, you just need to insert it inside vaginal before sexual intercourse. They are considered to be effective protection against unwanted pregnancy and STDs. But it is wise to use them along with other contraception methods such as condoms.
Like male condoms, female condoms are barrier method of contraception that provide protection against unwanted pregnancy and STDs. Female condom is basically a thin sheath that is worn inside vagina.
Read more articles on Contraception Methods.
Source: Onlymyhealth editorial team Jun 10, 2011
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