Exposure to 2 hours of sunlight is a good source of Vitamin D while meat, egg yolks and dairy products are sources of Vitamin K2.
Bone And Joint Action Week 2020: Bone forms the framework of the skeletal system and protect the organs while joints facilitate the movement of the human body and ensure stability. The joints and bones in the human body are in a state of cyclical flux with old bones giving way to new ones. This change peaks at the age of 30 years, and subsequently, bone mass, begins to decline. Also, the body mass index of women is lower that of men. Hence people, especially women in the age bracket of 30-40 years, need to devote extra attention to the bone and joint health which is among the most neglected aspects of human health in India.
Inadequate dietary intake, low absorption of calcium, increased excretion of calcium, phosphate or vitamin D leads to rickets. Deficiency of calcium, Vitamin D and Vitamin K, a sedentary lifestyle with little or no physical activity, irregular hormone levels, being overweight, excessive smoking and drinking and intake of certain medications over a prolonged time can lead to various bone and joint disorders once we cross the age of 30 years.
The standard treatments for bone and joint disorders include joint repair supplements to improve flexibility, knee injections to ensure mobility. A regular walking programme is a must for osteoarthritis patients. Knee and hip replacement surgery are recommended in case of knee or hip damage. Stem cell therapy may be recommended in chronic cases that use stem cells harvested from the patient’s bone marrow. These stem cells can become any tissue of the body and act as a repair system. In case of surgeries, new technologies with minimal invasion help patients to recover quickly.
Conclusion: According to an International Osteoporosis Foundation report, over 80% of the urban population, suffers from the deficiency of Vitamin D that facilitates proper absorption of calcium in bones. Osteoarthritis and Osteoporosis are common degenerative diseases in India.
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