The physiology behind menstruation is well established, but what about PMS? We spoke to a doctor to get an answer to this question
Mood swings, bloating, constipation, pains, fatigue are some of the things a woman experiences before the start of her periods. Although these symptoms haven’t been completely figured out, these are so common that collectively they make up a syndrome called premenstrual syndrome, or PMS. Nearly every woman experiences these, although the type and intensity of symptoms might vary. The physiology behind menstruation is well established. However, what is the reason behind PMS? To get an answer to this question, Onlymyhealth spoke to Dr Nivedita Kaul, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at CK Birla Hospital, Delhi.
Dr Kaul defined PMS as the “physical and emotional symptoms” that a woman experiences during the two weeks before the start of her periods. Although almost every woman experiences some symptoms, their intensity varies so much that some experience just mild symptoms, for others it “significantly affects their quality of life,” said Dr Kaul.
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While PMSing, a woman experiences one or more of the following symptoms:
“The exact cause of PMS is not known,” said Dr Kaul. However, it is thought to be linked to the hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. As some women are more sensitive to these changes, hence, they experience PMS. The hormonal changes are such that these can even affect the level of various chemicals and neurotransmitters such as serotonin and GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid).
Although any menstruating woman can get PMS, some women are more prone to experience it than others, as per a leading health website. Such women are:
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There are several ways to manage PMS symptoms, one of which is through making certain lifestyle choices, such as:
If you do not get any relief following these, you can seek medical help. Your gynaecologist can prescribe you some safe & effective hormonal /non-hormonal medications depending on your symptoms.
As stated already, almost every woman experiences PMS. However, there are some tips that can help you prevent these. Here is what Dr Kaul recommends:
These tips will help you to prevent some of the PMS-associated symptoms.
(With inputs from Dr Nivedita Kaul, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at CK Birla Hospital, Delhi)
Photo Credit: Freepik
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