Hormonal fluctuations can trigger hormonal acne. Who are susceptible to getting these and how can these be treated? Find out in this article.
Acne is a cause of worry for everyone who has gone through the process of recovering their skin from the damage caused by it. The eruptions, the scarring, and the deep tissue damage are all emotionally taxing and difficult to get through. There are different types of acne, and hormonal acne is one of them. Dr. Suyomi Shah, M.D. Dermatologist and Certified Trichologist explains all about hormonal acne in this article.
Hormonal acne is a term we hear quite often. Largely seen during puberty, during and around menstruation, initial stages of pregnancy. Rarely but it is also during the menopause when hormones go haywire. The acne can be large, painful with pus-filled cysts that appear around the jaw, cheeks, neck, and face. They are considered to be a lot more painful than regular pimples.(Click here to know hormonal acne triggers)
As the name suggests, the primary reason is the frequent fluctuations in hormones leading to excess oil production which in turn clogs the pores leading to breakouts. For most breakouts around the menstrual cycle, testosterone triggers the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. Estrogen is at its lowest during this phase. Variations in the level of progesterone and estrogen are major causes of hormonal acne seen during pregnancy. Other common causes include:
Besides these stress, pollution, high humidity, picking blemishes, and poor diet are secondary causes that worsen hormonal acne, so they should be taken care of accordingly.
Also Read: What Are The 7 Types Of Acne and How To Treat Them
The appearance of these breakouts can vary and there can even be cysts below the surface of the skin not easily visible on the outside.
Over-the-counter medications can be used to control mild to moderate forms of acne. OTC treatments include:
If the flare-ups are painful,persistent, and resistant to home treatments, consulting a dermatologist as early as you notice the first few breakouts would be the best idea. There is a higher chance of developing deeper lesions as the breakouts spread and create greater damage. This would lead to scarring which can be quite difficult to get rid of. The dermatologist would look into your overall lifestyle habits and recommend changes and medications suitable to the situation.
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