Pain And Cramping Without Periods? Doctor Explains The Possible Reasons

If you experience cramps despite not having periods, there could be an underlying problem. Read possible causes here.

Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Aug 14,2022
Updated at: Aug 14,2022

Cramps and pelvic pain can be extremely discomforting for women and nothing that you do can always completely prepare you for the same, even though they are mostly a monthly occurrence and are an uninvited guest that accompany your periods. However, several women, the world over, experience menstruation like pain and cramping even when their period is not due. The difference between cramps that one may experience while menstruating and otherwise can quite often, be very hard to tell by oneself and usually requires a diagnosis by a gynecologist/obstetrician. The causes of the same differ in their magnitude of seriousness, however, they are mostly treatable. In this article, Dr. Darshan H.B, Consultant - Obstetrician, Gynaecologist & Laparoscopic Surgeon, Motherhood Hospital, Electronic City, Bangalore explains the possible reasons for cramping.


A typical reason for you to experience pain independent of your menstrual cycle is during ovulation, which you may undergo about 10-14 days before your period. Ovulation essentially refers to the time when your ovary releases an egg from a follicle every cycle. A few women may experience pain in their lower abdomen, typically on one side while ovulating. The duration of the pain can range from a few hours to a couple of days. Medical professionals state that pain experienced during ovulation is in no way harmful and is in fact, quite natural, until it persists for longer or is too severe to endure. 

Ovarian cyst

Another reason why you may experience pain when not on your periods is when there could be a cyst in your ovary. Most kinds of cysts are usually not a cause of worry, unless there are too many in number. A cyst in an ovary can sometimes cause discomfort in the form of cramps. However, the presence of a cyst can only be confirmed with the help of imaging tests or pelvic exams. 


Endometriosis is also a medical condition which can cause pain in the pelvic region, irrespective of whether you are on your period or not. It is a progressive condition wherein the endometrial tissue which normally grows inside the uterus also grows in other parts of the abdominal cavity. It is a progressive condition which is not entirely treatable but can be managed via surgery and medication. The pain that women suffering from this condition experience is usually quite severe which usually begins before the onset of your period, peaks during your cycle and continues to remain for some time after your period is over. 

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is also a common reason why you feel pain and cramping when not on your period. It is caused by two sexually transmitted infections, gonorrhea and chlamydia, though exceptions regarding the occurrence of the same, do exist. Cramping is one symptom of this disease which impacts the reproductive organs. Women suffering from this disease can also complain of other symptoms like abnormal vaginal discharge, painful urination, unusual menstrual flow etc. 


A lot of pregnant women who might have newly conceived also experience period-like cramping, however, these cramps are not long-lasting and are indicative of the embryo getting implanted in the uterus. However, in certain situations cramping could also be a sign of miscarriage if it feels unusually severe and is accompanied by heavy bleeding. Severe and sharp cramps can also indicate ectopic pregnancy, which is a rare condition wherein the embryo could implant itself outside the uterus. Such a situation needs urgent medical intervention, otherwise it can also prove to be life-threatening. 

If you experience cramping when not on your period or even experience unusual pain even when you are on it, it is always advisable to consult a medical professional, immediately. Consultation with a doctor will always help in effectively treating a condition at an early stage, providing you with the care that you need. Or if there is nothing to worry about post consultation, it will only result in a better peace of mind. 

Image credits- freepik


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