Oral yeast infection, a.k.a thrush is caused by a type of fungus or yeast called Candida albicans.
This fungus usually is present inside the mouth in a small number along with other kinds of good bacteria. When there is a disruption in this balance, the yeast finds a way to grow, eventually causing thrush.
There are several signs and symptoms which can help you indentify yeast infection in the mouth. Some of them include:
The risk of thrush may be increased when:
The infection usually does not affect infants and does not take a serious shape until it persists for more than a week or two. Infection clears up on its own if it affects an infant.
Sometimes heavy smoking habits can cause thrush because the smoke inhaled can irritate the surface tissue lining of mouth. This makes it easier for yeast and other organisms to thrive.
Yeast infection can be diagnosed by a health care provider by looking the characteristics like velvety white lesions in the mouth or on the tongue.
If a doubt arises regarding the diagnosis, some material may be scrapped off from the mouth gently and examined under a microscope or sent to a laboratory for a culture.
The treatment for thrush consists of usage anti-fungal mouthwash or lozenges for 5 to 10 days.
The most effective way of preventing thrush could be maintaining a good oral hygiene. Following are some important tips by the American Dental Association that can help you protect our mouth from yeast infection.
The infection may not be dreadful in its initial stages but, before it becomes serious, it is advisable to prevent it.
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