The literal meaning of the word Yoga means to join or to unite. It is a way by which our mind can be free from all distractions. The yoga sutras define yoga as a means to keep the human mind calm and quiet.
In the yoga sutras, Patanjali, who wrote the yoga text 2000 years ago, explains that once the mind is free from all distractions, or in is in dyhana, one could unite with God and attain salvation and this stage is the goal of yoga. This goal is called Samadhi or kaivalya.
One must practice yoga very diligently and watchfully. Patanjali laid a few essential requirements to practice yoga successfully. He said one must not falter from the events of life including success or failure. One must live simply and avoid temptation. One must be amiable compassionate and cheerful.
One must not be ignorant and one must stay away from self importance, anger, hatred and excessive attachment. Sickness, laziness, doubt and lack of concentration are all obstacles in the path of yoga.
Patanjali laid down a unique path for those who practice yoga. This unique path is known as the Ashtanga-Yoga of Patanjali and is one of the most popular ways to learn yoga. A person who follows this path is called a yogi.
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