Diabetes can affect anyone, irrespective of the gender and age. Diabetes in women can be hard, especially when it develops at the time of pregnancy. Diabetes during pregnancy can cause a woman to experience severe complications such as miscarriage or birth defects in the baby. Women with diabetes are also at risk of heart attack.
Prediabetes (borderline diabetes) is a warning signal that implies your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. It is an opportunity for women to take control of their health as progression from prediabetes to diabetes isn't inevitable.
Below are risk factors and how you can have a significant influence on blood glucose levels and bring it back within the normal range.
Extra weight is one of the primary risk factors for prediabetes. The more fatty tissues you have, the more you are likely to a diabetic. Start with this lifestyle change and focus on weight loss. Losing a few pounds can dramatically lower your risk of getting diabetes.
You are at a greater risk of prediabetes if you have a sedentary (less active) lifestyle. On the other hand, physical activity not only keeps a check on your weight but also helps the body use up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin. There is scientific evidence to suggest that aerobic exercise as well as resistance training can control diabetes. Get 30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity exercise at least 5 days a week.
Over the years, several studies have blamed bad sleep for increasing the risk of insulin resistance. Health experts suggest that getting a good night’s sleep has an important role to play in improving blood glucose levels and keeping diabetes at bay.
Foods high in fibre (include fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, nuts and seeds) may reduce your risk of diabetes and help maintain blood sugar levels. Moreover, whole grains have the similar effect on blood sugar levels.
The risk of diabetes among women is the most after age 45 as metabolism slows, muscle mass decreases and weight loss becomes harder. The fluctuations in hormones can have a significant influence on blood glucose levels and it becomes more difficult to keep the blood sugar level on track. This is why it is important for women with prediabetes to work closely with their health care provider and make sure their blood sugar levels are properly managed.
Diabetes is also linked to a common health issue in women, known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), in which glucose levels are high owing to insulin resistance. If you have PCOS, have a doctor to test your blood sugar levels and make sure to make disease management plan.
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