Vitreous is a gel like substance which is present in the interior of the eye and helps the eye in maintaining a round shape. The surface of the retina is attached to the fibres that are intertwined in the vitreous. With age the vitreous slowly shrinks and fibres on the retinal surface are being pulled and break allowing the vitreous to separate and shrink from the retina. This detachment of the vitreous from retina is called vitreous detachment.
This condition affects people over age of 50 and is very common after age of 80. People who have nearsightedness also have high risk of getting vitreous detachment.
The shrinkage of vitreous causes floaters in the eye. Tiny strings that float into the field of vision are known as the floaters. Eye floaters usually do not cause any pain or discomfort. If you try to look at these shadows they appear to quickly dart out of the way. One of the common signs of vitreous detachments is appearance of small but sudden increase in the number of new floaters. The floaters are often circular or in a form of a bent line. Appearance of back specks is another other symptom of vitreous detachment.
Comprehensive dilated eye examination is done to diagnose the vitreous detachment. If not treated on time the vitreous detachment can cause vision loss. If you notice floaters or increase in the flashes of light you should immediately see a doctor.
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