What are the Types of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura?

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Dec 16, 2014
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  • Excessive bruising and bleeding occurs in the condition.
  • Bleeding is caused by unusually low platelet count.
  • The condition affects children as wells as adults.
  • There may be no symptoms of the condition.

What is Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura?

A condition that can lead to easy or excessive bruising and bleeding is known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The bleeding is a result of unusually low level of platelets, which are the cells that help the blood to clot. ITP which is also known as immune thrombocytopenic purpura affects adults as well as children. In children the condition often develops after a viral infection and they normally recover fully without treatment. But in adults the disorder often remains chronic.

Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Types

What are the Symptoms of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura?

There may be no symptoms of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. But when the signs and symptoms do occur, they include:

  • Easy or excessive bruising. The skin starts naturally bruising and bleeds more easily as you age. However, this should not be confused with ITP
  • Superficial bleeding into the skin that appears as a rash
  • Prolonged bleeding from cuts
  • Bleeding from nose
  • Blood in urine or stools
  • Unusual heavy menstrual flow
  • Fatigue

Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Types

 

Types of ITP

The ITP can be divided into two forms: acute ITP and chronic ITP. While acute ITP starts suddenly and usually follows a viral illness in a child, chronic ITP develops over time and is more long lasting and more common in adults.

Image courtesy: Getty Images

Read more on Understand Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura.

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