A condition that can lead to easy or excessive bruising and bleeding is known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The bleeding is a result of unusually low level of platelets, which are the cells that help the blood to clot. ITP which is also known as immune thrombocytopenic purpura affects adults as well as children. In children the condition often develops after a viral infection and they normally recover fully without treatment. But in adults the disorder often remains chronic.
There may be no symptoms of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. But when the signs and symptoms do occur, they include:
The ITP can be divided into two forms: acute ITP and chronic ITP. While acute ITP starts suddenly and usually follows a viral illness in a child, chronic ITP develops over time and is more long lasting and more common in adults.
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