Dengue fever (DF) is a viral infection caused by dengue virus which is transmitted by mosquito bite. A dengue infection can be subclinical, i.e. it can go unnoticed with no apparent symptoms.
The symptoms of dengue range from mild fever to even fatal condition. These last for a week, but in some cases the fever and other symptoms resurface and stay for 2 or 3 days. Based on the symptoms and their severity, the disease has been categorised as:
Adults and grown up children are more prone to being afflicted with these symptoms while young children quite often do no show these at all. They are:
DHF is a complication of the disease that can be fatal. It usually occurs if you have dengue infection more than once. The symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever are similar to dengue fever but the latter may become severe. Most of the patients recover quickly following appropriate medical treatment.
The condition of the patient show rapid deterioration 2-5 days after the fever starts. If the disease is not severe, the signs and symptoms decrease after the fever resolves.
After a few days of fever and develop bleeding from the nose, gums, mouth or in the skin, which leads to purplish bruises.
In some patients after the fever resolves signs of circulatory failure (low blood pressure or shock) develops which can rapidly progress to severe shock or turn lead to death within 12 to 24 hours.
If you are forewarned about the signs of Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS), which follows DHF, the patient can survive. DSS is the severest condition of dengue fever and
You must hospitalise the patient if you experience
You are advised to visit a medical facility as soon as possible if you find these symptoms as DSS can cause death within 24 hours.
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