Diet management is a challenging and important aspect in the management of diabetes (both type 1 and 2). Type 1 diabetes can affect children unlike type 2 diabetes which is seen mostly in adults. In children proper diet management is important as they need the proper amount of calories to maintain a healthy body weight and their growth. You have to realize that there is no "diabetes diet," per se. The foods which are considered good for people with diabetes---is good for everyone. So even if you or your child has type 1 diabetes the whole family can eat the same healthy foods. But you have to be careful about the total amounts of carbohydrate, sweets and calorie intake.
- Consult a dietitian to help you decide how to eat a balanced diet (that has adequate amount of carbohydrates, protein, and fat).
- Be consistent with your meals and snacks timing and portion sizes. Try to eat (both meals and snacks) at the same times each day. Avoid skipping meals or snacks. For snacks prefer healthy foods such as low fat yogurt, fruits, sprouts to chips, cookies, cakes.
- Eat a balanced and healthy diet that gives enough calories to maintain a healthy weight.Try to include a variety of foods from each major food group in your diet. This will ensures that you eat a balanced and nutritious diet which contains all the protein, vitamins, minerals and fiber you need.
- Eat foods that do not cause rapid and high rise of blood sugar (glucose) levels---like whole grain foods such as whole-grain bread or pasta, brown rice instead of white rice or beans. Use of whole-wheat or other whole-grain flours should be preferred.
- According to experts you should eatmore of grains, beans, vegetables than fats and sweets. Include variety of vegetables and fruits (yellow, green, orange colored). Prefer fresh fruits to fruit juices and canned fruits. Diet rich in fiber helps to improve your blood sugar control.
- Use low-fat dairy products (milk, curd, cheese) instead of whole milk products. Limit your intake of animal foods, and processed foods as these are rich in cholesterol and saturated fats. Use healthy vegetable oils for cooking (it contains mono and poly-unsaturated fats) rather than saturated and trans fats. But even these should be used sparingly.
- Limit intake of sweets and salt,alcoholic beverages
- Take care of your portion sizes. Do not take more calories than required as ---even proteins and carbohydrates taken in excess are converted to fats and stored in the body. And excess calorie causes rise in blood sugar level
- Maintain your body weight as healthy as possible.