Diet management is a challenging and important aspect in the management of diabetes (both type 1 and 2). Most people with type 2 diabetes are overweight---hence calorie control besides the type of food which you eat is also very important.
You should consult your doctor and dietitian to design a meal plan for you as everyone has individual needs. This can help you to maintain near-normal blood sugar (glucose) levels along with your medications. You have to realize that there is no "diabetes diet," per se. The foods which are considered good for people with diabetes---is good for everyone. You really do not have to avoid a particular type of food totally. Important aspect of diet in diabetes is that you have to be careful about the total amounts of carbohydrate, sweets and calorie intake.
Besides the right kind of food serving sizes are also important in your diabetes meal plan. Remember that all the extra calories that you consume is converted to fats and stored in the body. And excess calorie causes rise in blood sugar level, weight gain, and blood cholesterol levels. Excess weight or excess body fat in your body decreases sensitivity to insulin (the hormone that is involved in blood sugar control). Maintaining weight at the recommended level, or weight loss if you are overweight or obese, helps to improve blood sugars levels.
Some general recommendations regarding serving sizes---
Dr Poonam Sachdeva, our in-house medical expert talks about the why what and how in diabetes.
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